By THÉRÈSE MARGOLIS
Iran’s ambassador to Mexico, Mohammad Taghi Hosseini, and his wife Afsane Hosseini hosted a diplomatic reception at Mexico City’s Club Naval Norte on Thursday, Feb. 8, to commemorate the 39th anniversary of his nation’s Islamic revolution.
Since its independence from the rule of the U.S.-backed regime of
After nearly a year of public demonstrations and protests led by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini against the 28-year monarchy of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the people of Iran established an Islamic republic on Feb. 11, 1979.
Under the new administration, conservative clerical forces established a theocratic system of government with ultimate political authority nominally vested in a learned religious scholar.
The first bilateral diplomatic contacts between Mexico and Iran were established in 1889, with the then-kingdom of Persia.
A two-way friendship accord was signed in March of 1937, and the first Mexican Embassy in Tehran was opened in 1964.
That Embassy was later close in 1979, after the taking of the U.S. Embassy there, although binational diplomatic relations were never severed and Tehran maintained its chancellery in Mexico.
Mexico reopened its embassy in Iran in 1992.
Two-way trade between Mexico and Iran amounted to about $90 million in 2017, down from $133 million in 2013.
Notwithstanding, Mexico remains Iran’s largest trade partner in Latin America.