Photo: History.com

By RICARDO CASTILLO

It took some time, but finally, the outline of events to commemorate 2021 as the year of the “Greatness of Mexico” arrived on Wednesday, Sept. 30, during President Andrés Manuel López Obrador’s (AMLO) daily press conference at the National Palace.

The president announced the celebration of seven dates of historical importance, starting with the foundation of Mexico City. Two of those dates two stand out more than the others: the fall of the Mexica nation to Hernán Cortés in 1521 and the consummation of the Mexican Independence from Spain in 1821. That is, exactly 300 years of Spanish colonial rule and 200 full years as an independent nation.

There were 12 dates announced by the president and Mexico City Mayor Claudia Sheinbaum, as well as by Foreign Relations Secretary Marcelo Ebrard. Outlining the full program was the head of the president’s Committee to Commemorate Historical Facts, Trials and Mexican Characters and Mexican Social Security Institute Director Zoe Robledo.

The entire 2021 commemorative days will be as follows:

Feb,14, the 190th anniversary of the execution by fire squad of original independence warrior Vicente Guerrero in 1831.

Feb. 24, the two centuries of the proclamation of the 1821 Iguala Plan between Vicente Guerrero and Agustín de Iturbide to consummate the Independence from Spain.

March 25, the Day of the Resistance in Champoton, Campeche. Champotón held steady with the independence movement at a moment when the Yucatan Peninsula was divided into 14 different regional governments that did not want to join the Iturbide-led independent movement, which they finally did.

May 3, the commemoration of the foundation of Mexico City, apparently not in 1321, but 1325. No matter, it is included.

Aug. 13, the fall of Mexico City and initiation of the colonial rule. This date was a yearly celebration during the 311 years of Spanish colonial rule. Now it is to be known as 500 year of Historical Memory of Tenochtitlán.

Aug. 24, the signing of the Córdoba Treaty between Agustín de Iturbide and Viceroy Juan D’Onoju consolidating Mexico’s independence.

Sept. 15, the celebration of the 1810 original revolt, led by Miguel Hidalgo and Ignacio Allende.

Sept, 16, a military parade commemorating the 1810 uprising.

Sept. 27, the date marks the 200th anniversary of the consummation of Independence.

Sept. 28, a special ceremony begging the forgiveness of the original peoples of the nation.

Sept. 30, commemoration of the birth of José María Morelos y Pavón, who persevered with the independence movement after Hidalgo and Allende had been executed.

Foreign Relations Secretary Marcelo Ebrard said that the 193 members of the United Nations Organization would be individually invited.

“We are now working ahead to commemorate the greatness of Mexico and outline a design for the future,” he said.

“The commemoration of these dates will be the most relevant events for the presence of Mexico in the world.”

…Oct. 1, 2020

 

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