Photo: Mohamed Hassan/Pxhere

By KELIN DILLON

A mew survey of the Mexican population conducted by El Financiero Bloomberg showed a wide divide in political party preferences within Mexico, mainly stratified based on age and level of education.

The survey was conducted using 1,000 Mexicans contacted by phone in the second half of January, and particularly asked those surveyed to choose between Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador’s in-power leftist National Regeneration Movement (Morena), or the moore conservative Va Por México alliance composed of three opposing parties: the National Action Party (PAN), the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) and the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI).

The results revealed that 28 percent of surveyed Mexicans aged between 18 and 29 would vote for the Va Por México alliance in federal elections, compared to 27 percent in the same age bracket that would choose to vote for Morena, showing a clear divide in the nation’s youth vote. This stands in contrast to the 2018 elections, when the nation’s youth voted two-to-one in favor of Morena, showing a trend toward the PAN-PRI-PRD alliance in recent years.

Mexico’s older population trended dramatically toward voting Morena, which the age bracket between 30 and 49 preferred by 42 percent compared to 27 percent for the alliance. Morena had an even stronger hold on the surveyed population over the age of 50, of which 50 percent preferred Morena and only 17 percent favored the PAN-PRI-PRD.

The survey also found Morena support to be heavily concentrated in the rural south of Mexico, with inhabitants of the region indicating a 54 percent preference for the leftist party, while the north and center of the nation were much closer in their divide between the given parties.

“In rural municipalities, it is very possible for everyone to know each other, for everyone to know who each one is,” explained political analyst Óscar Tamez to La Política Online. “Whoever currently governs is very likely to be re-elected, and if he is doing a good job, the citizens give him their trust. That would make the vote favor the parties that already govern today.”

Education also proved to be a factor in political preference, with Morena winning strongly among those with basic education at 45 percent, while the number of supporter of the in-power party went down to 33 percent among people with an intermediate education and 34 percent among those who attended university.

The survey also found that people who preferred Morena overwhelmingly thought the Mexican government’s coronavirus pandemic response was a success at 65 percent, when only 12 percent of the surveyed population that preferred the Va Por México deemed it successful. Another 30 percent and 33 percent, respectively, categorized the government’s response to the covid-19 crisis as a failure.

Va Por México aligned voters were surveyed as having 52 percent prefering to buy the vaccine themselves, while 44 percent of those aligned with Morena preferred to receive the vaccine through the government.

A clear majority of Morena-aligned voters (59 percent) believed Mexico to have acquired an adequate number of vaccines for the population, though 33 percent believed the acquisitions to be insufficient, even outnumbering the PAN-PRI-PRD allied voters, who were polled at 29 percent on the same view.

…Feb. 5, 2021

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