By KELIN DILLON
Mexico’s currently-in-power leftist National Regeneration Movement (Morena), led by President Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO), announced 18 proposed ¿reforms to the country’s constitution on Monday, July 12.
The reforms would modify 55 articles of the current iteration of the Mexican Constitution, including parts relating to scholarships, pensions, education and the confiscation of assets.
The changes include free universal schooling from primary to higher education, the constitutionally official creation of the National Guard, and a mandate for all political parties to nominate women as half of their candidates for office during election cycles.
Morena specifically pointed out the reform to Mexico’s pension system, affecting older adults and the indigenous community, as well as scholarships for the poor, as part of the party’s quest to achieve the “welfare state.”
In comparison, a total of 29 constitutional reforms, primarily related to updating the education system and liberalizing the energy sector, were approved under the previous administration of former President Enrique Peña Nieto.