Photo: NPR

XINHUA

HIDALGO, Texas — It’s a scene straight out of a “Mission: Impossible” episode: A helicopter hovers at low altitude above a roadside jungle while several officers search on foot along the bush edges with a dozen vehicles from multiple law enforcement agencies stopping by.

But for people living in Hidalgo, a county near the U.S.-Mexico border with Texas, the scene is commonplace — it’s the U.S. border guards hunting for illegal migrants.

As the May 23 end of the Title 42 policy restricting border asylums over coronavirus concerns draws near, U.S. border cities and towns are bracing for a widely expected surge in migration, although the White House decision is currently being challenged both in court and in Congress.

There is no easy way out of the dilemma, especially during a midterm election year. Migrants are desperate, Republicans are furious, while the Joe Biden administration blames the “broken” U.S. immigration system that has been “long overdue to be fixed,” arguing that “Title 42 is not an immigration policy” but “a health authority.”

“It was tough, tough, tough. Imagine it. The cold. The heat. The hunger … Everything! My experience was super hard,” Maria Mejia, a mother of four from El Salvador told Xinhua in Spanish at the Humanitarian Respite Center run by a Catholic charity in McAllen, a border city just north of Hidalgo.

Mejia left her hometown six months ago with her 10-year-old youngest son. It took them about one month on foot and by caravan to arrive in Mexican border city Reynosa, where they crossed the border and were expelled shortly afterwards. Since then, they had stayed at an encampment in Reynosa for five months before being allowed to enter the United States as asylum seekers days ago.

Long before the Title 42 policy was enacted in March 2020 by then-U.S. President Donald Trump, when the coronavirus pandemic broke out in the country, each month there were tens of thousands of migrants like Mejia trying to cross the border from the Mexican side. The influx shrank during the pandemic, but in March, although Title 42 remains in place, 210,000 migrants were arrested by U.S. border authorities, hitting a new high in the past 22 years.

“The illegal immigration will never stop because it’s always going to be the same,” Francisco Mejía, a Hidalgo resident, said, noting that most migrants come to the United States to escape poverty and violence.

“For them (migrants gathering at the Mexican side), it’s very difficult that they aren’t allowed to cross,” said Sara Jiménez, a Mexican truck driver who regularly travels between Reynosa and Hidalgo via the McAllen-Hidalgo International Bridge.

“I was fortunate to have papers, and I remember getting to the middle of the bridge and seeing customs agents fighting people trying to enter the United States,” she said.

However, the upcoming midterm elections have complicated the situation by fueling the fights between Republicans and Democrats as more migrants are expected to turn up around the U.S.-Mexico border. The New York Post reported on Tuesday, May 17, that U.S. Border Patrol agents found six large groups each having at least 100 migrants in Texas’ Starr County alone over the weekend.

In a quick response to the White House’s move to wind down Title 42, Texas Governor Greg Abbott, a Republican seeking a third term in November, announced a series of measures earlier last month, including busing migrants to Washington, D.C. and more inspections at border ports.

The busing plan was called by the White House a “publicity stunt” and the governor had to end extra inspections resulting in a 10-day slowdown of trucks at the Texas border, which cost the U.S. economy roughly $9 billion, according to an analysis by the Waco-based Perryman Group. It’s estimated that Texas alone lost $4.23 billion in gross product.

“Abbott is using the state’s southern border as an expensive campaign prop, spending billions of tax dollars on harebrained policies that callously use migrants as political pawns and threaten to worsen inflation by snarling the flow of commerce into the United States,” the El Paso Times said in an editorial last month.

However, Douglas Holtz-Eakin, president of the American Action Forum, told AP that a change in U.S. immigration policy is unlikely, though the current immigrant worker shortage is contributing to supply chain bottlenecks and the highest U.S. inflation in 40 years.

Holtz-Eakin said that there is little chance that a solution is on the horizon because the policies of both U.S. parties are “so locked in” that the political standoff will continue.

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